Depending on the area where you live, you will hear lots of expressions for hair transplant: capillary implant, capillary transplant, hair implant and many more. While a lot of people have heard about this process of hair restoration, few people actually know what the techniques used are all about. Each of our hairs is born and grows inside a root called hair follicle.
Looking at the scalp surface under the microscope, we can see that hair is gathered into small groups called “follicular units”. These groups consist of one, two, three, and rarely, four hair follicles.
Follicular Unit Transplantation is a technique that involves removing a certain group of follicles (donor) and placing them in another spot (recipient site). Saying it out loud makes it sound pretty simple, but in reality, it requires real skill and patience on the part of the surgeon. When you study the painting techniques of different eras, you will enjoy a good painting much more than a person who completely ignores art. The same applies to the technique of follicular unit transplantation: if you know the procedure, you can truly appreciate the work of the surgeon. In some cases, the final result looks more like a work of art that surgery.
In this type of surgery, the technique for implanting the follicular unit is always the same and yet the form of extract varies according to the capabilities of the patient and the surgeon’s discretion. So far, there are two techniques to extract follicular units. One is called FUSS and the other one: FUE.
FUSS stands for Follicular Unit Strip Surgery. In this technique, the surgeon removes a strip of skin from the donor area (neck) and as the surgeon stitches the wound, the assistants extract each of the follicular units that will be implemented. FUE is short for Follicular Unit Extraction. In this case, the procedure is far more complex since there are no cuts whatsoever. To remove the hair, the surgeon uses not a scalpel, but a special tool that removes each follicular unit directly from the scalp.